Choose a culture in which you have either participated or directly observed.

Essay: Classification
When attempting to classify, we sort common subjects into sub-groups (or classes) based on shared characteristics for the purpose of discovering how they are different from each other. For example, peaches and bananas are both fruits, but the juicy characteristic that we value in a peach is not the same characteristic that we desire in a banana. We may or may not peel away the peach skin, but virtually nobody would eat the banana with its peel intact. Since we begin with a common group that has shared characteristics (sweet, individual-serving fruits) we discover how they might be sorted into different sub-groups based on their distinctly-different characteristics. Holt classified three types of “discipline” in his essay; he invented and named those three types.
As the subject of this classification, you will need to consider a subculture in American society. Occupations or hobbies, or jobs are just a few of the broader categories from which you could select a subculture to classify. The classification involves classifying a group of people into smaller subgroups. To begin, select one specific group existing in society (golfers, stamp collectors, baristas, etc.,) then divide into subgroups which you invent. The task of this writing involves original thinking, since you will need to discover/invent and name the sub-groups that haven’t yet been designated–rather than depend on sub-groups that have already been designated as such. Here are just a few classifications that would not work : democrats, republicans, independents are types of voters; Catholics, protestants, Jews, Muslims are types of religious converts; Waiters, hosts, dishwashers are types of restaurant workers. Nerds, Jocks, and Preppies are types of high school cliques. These are already-established groups (or stereotypes ) that do not involve any original invention on your part. We already have heard of them and know those sub-groups exist. For a moment, consider what clubs or organizations you have belonged to, hobbies you have enjoyed, jobs you have held, or places where you have spent time observing people, Make a list of those possibilities. Then, consider whether you can invent sub-groups from that larger group ( Costco Shoppers, Little League coaches, Shoe salespeople, Blind dates, etc.,) based on your experiences. Everyone else might believe that all little league coaches are the same, but you can see sub-groups within that larger group. That is your purpose for writing the classification: to invent and identify the sub-groups where other people may not see those distinctions. Therefore, you will need to invent the name for each of the sub-groups. If they already have an existing label, that is a sure sign that you have not originated the sub-groups. Classification requires a minimum of three sub-groups to move beyond merely being a contrast (good parent/bad parent; careful pet owner/careless pet owner, etc.,) Your task will be to classify the kinds of members and their inherent qualities according to your particular way of seeing that subculture. The purpose of your classification will be to draw distinctions/differences within a culture where none (or, in your opinion, unsatisfactory categorization) exists.
Use an informed point of view in order to avoid stereotypes. Choose a culture in which you have either participated or directly observed. The topic for classifying is groups of people (For example, types of guitarists–not types of guitars, or types of guitar music.) After brainstorming, map out a list of types (and further sub-types, if necessary) grouped by their distinguishing qualities: personality, appearance, behavior, etc., Drawing an organizational map (like a tree which branches into smaller branches) is a great way to begin thinking about the structure of your classification. A minimum of 3 groups is required for classification (2 groups = a contrast)
Apply the same criteria (measurable characteristics) to each type in order to separate and distinguish them. For example, if uniform is addressed in one type, it is further contrasted in other types. If punctuality is a criteria of one type, how does it contrast with the other types? If there is no distinction in the criteria from type to type, it is not a valid criteria. (For example, if pay grade is the same between two types, then pay grade cannot be used as a contrasting criteria).
Be concrete in identifying the tangible criteria that will separate the types. Concrete means that we are able to observe/recognize the criteria to make the distinction in types. For example, your audience cannot see “a positive attitude” unless you give examples to identify how that is shown. The audience cannot see “cleanliness” unless you are specific about how “cleanliness” is to be observed.
Refine your list to eliminate overlapping categories. Each “homeless person” fits into one and only one of your groups. A homeless person cannot crossover into two–either/or–or it confuses the whole purpose of classifying. Ensure that your classification is complete. Could all possible members of that culture fit into one of those categories or could someone “fall through the cracks?” If someone of the group you began with is excluded from the classification entirely, then the classification is not complete. These cannot be examples of some types of the original group; the classification has to account for ALL baristas or boxers or plumbers.
Remember that your main purpose in classifying is to discover the characteristics that distinguish one member from other members of the larger group. Use sub-groups to help you determine characteristics and the emerging characteristics to help you define the sub-groups. How people are responding to COVID19 could serve as a pertinent basis for a classification of people .
Other sample topics for classifying types of people: Stand-up comedians, Self-centered people, Gardeners, Reality show celebrities, Sales clerks, Starbucks baristas, Customers at your work place, Cheaters, Shoppers, Movie theatre patrons, Wingmen, Loser dates, People waiting in line, Churchgoers, Work-out buddies, Tourists, etc., Consider people you encounter at School, Workplace, Home, Church, Clubs, Hobbies, Where you shop, etc.,
Topic outline with thesis &
750-1000 Words (rough draft) Rough draft is submitted with topic outline as the title page (so complete your outline to use it as a guide for your rough draft).

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