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CPT Research ( Part A) Topic: How significantly did World War I or World War II affect the daily lives of civilian women in Canada?
Viewpoint #1: World War 1 and 2 did not significantly affect the daily lives of civilian women in Canada
First Argument : Women were already working before the first world war had started and went back after.
In 1914, females in paying jobs were not a modern phenomenon. Women had worked in tile industries and other industries as far back as 1880, but had been kept out of heavy industries and other positions involving any dangerous responsibility. When the war was over, most women gave up their jobs to the returning soldiers as social attitudes toward women slipped back to the traditional views of the pre-war era. When men went to war, women had to keep the society going ( take over the jobs of men). World war 1 and 2 didn’t impact women because there are women doing both jobs, they are working in factories and industries and also working on the domestic side, while men can’t do both (domestic and their job such as factory)
Secondary Source: https://www.termpaperwarehouse.com/essay-on/Women-Roles-In-Ww1/268628 Primary Source:The Candian Challenge textbook page 34, 131 https://www.iwm.org.uk/history/12-things-you-didnt-know-about-women-in-the-first-world-war Second Argument: World War 1 did not make a significant change to Womens’ role in society. Women already had a role and weren’t respected in society, they had to stay at home to take care of their children, cook, and do household chores. Their position and status were directed towards maintaining the annual duties of the family and children, women typically played the role of the homemaker. Women who did work were usually single and could only get jobs as teachers, nurses or secretaries. Before world war 1, women were already being treated unfairly such as having no right to choose jobs that they actually want. Source: https://depts.washington.edu/labhist/strike/kim.shtml Source:The Candian Challenge textbook page 32,34, 131
Third Argument: Gender Inequality was still present after both world wars.
Women were paid half the wages of men and worked in conditions that were sometimes dangerous and unhealthy. After both world wars ended. Men returned to their jobs, women getting half paid occurred again. Women worked hard labour long hours and were paid less than men. Women are being treated like tools more than an actual person because they are only considered when they are needed ( taking over the jobs for men as they were in war). Patriarchy: men are the ones in favour, men always make or get the final decision. Although after the war, women were allowed to vote but it was not fair and they did not get the voice and decisions like what men would get. They still had someone considered with more power( men) than them telling womens what their job will be and what their doing in life is.
Source: Women Efforts & WW1 powerpoint ( War on Canada’s Homefront) and The Candian Challenge textbook page 131
Historical Issue: How significantly did World War 1 or World War 2 affect the daily lives of civilian women? ● VIEWPOINT that YOU will be supporting on your topic: World War 1 did not significantly affect the daily lives of civilian women INSTRUCTIONS: 1. Locate ONE primary and ONE secondary source that supports the VIEWPOINT that you have selected.
2. Record the source title and author. 3. Provide a summary for each source. A. Primary source: Source title: Where Women Worked During World War 1
https://depts.washington.edu/labhist/strike/kim.shtml Author: Tae H. Kim ( student at university of washington)
Research notes with key information for my topic:
● VIEWPOINT that YOU will be supporting on your topic: (About a half page of notes would be helpful. Be specific!) Women were judged by their beauty rather than by their ability. Their position and status were directed towards maintaining the annual duties of the family and children.” → This shows that women were being treated unfairly and that they have no voice and decision.
Women typically played the role of the homemaker.These duties consisted of cleaning and caring for the house, caring for the young, cooking for the family, maintaining a yard, and sewing clothing for all. Women had worked in textile industries and other industries as far back as 1880, but had been kept out of heavy industries and other positions involving any real responsibility.” → This shows that women kept the society going when men were in war and that women were already working in factories and also the domestic side even before world war 1 began. Their roles did not change. Feminist pressure on established unions and the formation of separate women’s unions threatened to weaken men-only unions. Still, women’s unions began to grow, “The National Women’s Trade Union League representing 150,000 organized working women have met together for counsel and for action.” However, the war did not raise women’s wages. → This shows that the wages of women did not change and they were still getting low pay.
Not only women worked in ammunition factories but they also worked as power machine operators and in naval station machine shops as well. World War I was to give women a chance to show a male-dominated society that they could do more than simply bring up children and stay at home. In World War I, women played a vital role in keeping soldiers equipped with ammunition and in many senses they kept the nation moving through their help in various industries. With so many young men volunteering to join the army, and with so many casualties in the war, a space was created in employment and women were called on to fill these gaps. By the end of the war, women had proved that they were just as important to the war effort as men had been.
Women finally had the opportunity to show the world that they had just as much to contribute and had the right to take on as much responsibility as the men.
B. Secondary source: Source title: Women Workers in the First World War (https://books.google.ca/books?hl=en&lr=&id=xCyPyoBW2gQC&oi=fnd&pg=PP2&dq=women+in+the+first+world+war&ots=jRTzhxWFR8&sig=W7RW6ONd1sNZHDFkH-n-0VJhvd8&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=women%20in%20the%20first%20world%20war&f=false )
Author: Gail Braybon, studied history and was one of the pioneers of historical work on women in the First World War
Research notes with key information for my topic: (About a half page of notes would be helpful. Be specific!) The patriarchal system coexists with the capitalist system; the working class have been exploited by the latter, but women have also been oppressed by men of their own or other classes in a multitude of ways.
The sexual division of labour has also encouraged working- class men to fight for higher male wages rather than shorter hours or better conditions for all, and to accept higher risks at work. This fight has been waged on the assumption that women need less money when working, that they will be dependent upon men for most of their lives, and that they will perform all domestic tasks and look after the children (whether or not they are doing paid work themselves), thus sparing the exhausted male worker such chores. Women were paid less than men because it was assumed that they were living with husbands or fathers who were also working. They were also cheaper to employ than men.
Women returned to their houses in the evenings, blackened and exhausted and reluctant to do domestic work and cook proper meals.
Women who did work were usually single and could only get jobs as teachers, nurses or secretaries. Before world war 1, women were already being treated unfairly such as having no right to choose jobs that they actually want.