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Essay Question A foundational cornerstone of the existing global governance model is nondiscriminatory trade and encouragement of cross-border investment. BITs, FTAs and WTO obligations are examples of such agreements. These economic agreements contain the “security exception” allowing nations to override the agreement to protect “essential security” or “national security”. While the conceptualization of security has focused on physical defense/territorial integrity of a nation, the understanding of security is expanding globally particularly with respect to emergent technology. The United States in recent policy announcements has led a further expansion of security’s conceptualization to encompass the ideological, technological and economic. Under a new conceptualization of national security (fusion of ideological, technological and economic interests), (a) will the “new” security exception engulf the rule and (b) how will international trade and investment be affected? In answering the question above, address the following specific points in the essay (you can discuss any other relevant points as well): -Is the new conceptualization a slippery slope or not? -Where should nations draw the line on expansion of the security conception? -Is economic superiority a legitimate national security interest? -What arguments can you make in opposition to the new conceptualization?