First Step:Chapter 15- What did you find most interesting in this chapter? Elab

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First Step:Chapter 15- What did you find most interesting in this chapter? Elaborate on why.(200 words)
Second Step: response to the following two posts. (100 words each)
1. I found the discussion of realism vs. liberalism to be an interesting topic. Personally I would agree with the ideas of realism. Maybe this is just my perspective but I find it very obvious that most large powers operate within other nations as a means to bolster their own influence and resources. As the text references, the lack of full scale United States intervention in Syria reflects the ideas of realism as there was no substantial gains to be had from entering the conflict and therefore Obama’s administration refused to act. From this point I begin to think about all of the excuses used to justify the many engagements in the middle east as a means to promote regional stability and to protect both the United States and local inhabitants from terrorist threats. I hope that most understand that this is far from the truth It is quite clear that as Syria posed a very real danger to those being abused with conventional and chemical weaponary, you begin to think as to why the United States failed to truly intervene. As with many views of the United States, it seems that having the ability to pick and choose when we are the “world police” is a clearly viably option for many administrations. I am obviously aware of the variety of factors that effect the decisions to enter into these engagements but there are times when it is just far too obvious how narcissistic United States foreign policy can be.
2. Throughout the chapter, I found the section on nongovernmental and intergovernmental organizations to be the most interesting one. IGO’s and NGO’s hold so much power that is unimaginable and unattainable for any one government to hold. These organizations have an influence in almost every major public policy area that exists throughout the world. These organizations provide aid for humanitarian crises, advocate for those who cannot, provide health care for those in underprivileged areas, control international monetary funds and so much more. For example, after the explosion in Beirut in Lebanon, NGOs were on the ground providing aid where they needed to do so. After Hurricane Katrina, NGOs were doing the same in the U.S. helping out where they can and when they can. Even after the COVID pandemic reached the heights that it reached. Countries all over the world came to each other’s aid and these organizations were the ones who were distributing these resources all over the world as well as providing assistance to those in need. These organizations, whether funded and controlled by governments or not, also somehow keep the different governments accountable for their actions. Since there is a lack of an international government, in my opinions these organizations take the place of a government. Even though it is not a legit government they do a pretty good job at holding other countries accountable for their actions, and the other incentives that it holds as well. The United Nations (UN) is one of these organizations. If any country is caught not following the rules that the UN enforces, that country risks losing membership into the UN and the advantages that it brings to their country. Although the UN is only an organization, not a government and not a country it holds similar responsibilities on the world stage.

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