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Japan had been fighting a war against China since 1937 with the goal of expanding its own empire and gaining access to China’s resources. This war was condemned by Britain, France, and the United States. This threatened Japan’s independence causing them to seek new allies. These new allies would be Italy and Germany. They formed a defensive patch with Germany and Italy in order to delay the United States from assisting China. At the time that this patch was being formed Germany was winning the war and taking over Europe. Japan thought that Germany would win the war and take over areas that Japan traded goods with and Japan hoped to control this area themselves. The development of a Japanese-German partnership during World War II was caused due to Japan’s fear of losing its independence.
This argument and topic will be broken down into three to four main points. These points will be each of the reasons that led up to Japan becoming allies with German. I will dive deep into Japan’s war against China, why Japan needed new allies, and why Japan wanted to be on German’s “winning” side of the war.
Lyons, Michael J. World War II: a Short History. Boston: Prentice Hall, 2010.
This book dives into the complexities of World War II, involving the start, the duration, and the tragic effects of the war from both the European and Pacific.
Yellen, Jeremy A. “Into the Tiger’s Den: Japan and the Tripartite Pact, 1940.” Journal of Contemporary History, vol. 51, no. 3, 2015, pp. 555–576., doi:10.1177/0022009415580142.
This takes a look back at the birth of the Axis alliance with Japan, Germany, and Italy. The article shows how this alliance was aimed at the United States of America. It also explains how this alliance was almost formed due to fear.
“Tripartite Pact.” Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 20 Sept. 2020, www.britannica.com/topic/Tripartite-Pact.
The Tripartite Pact was the agreement between Germany, Japan, and Italy. This source explains where and what time these countries met to negotiate and form the agreements. It also states when the Pact was invoked and its outcome.
Mendes, Claudia. “Why Did the Japanese & Germans Form an Alliance in WWII?” WAR HISTORY ONLINE, 4 Jan. 2019, www.warhistoryonline.com/instant-articles/japanese-and-germans.html.
This is a breakdown of events that led up to Japan and Germany forming an “alliance” that was much more of a mutual benefit for both. They both wanted to claim land and saw that if they were to work together they could win the war against the Allies.
“Three-Power Pact Between Germany, Italy, and Japan, Signed in Berlin.” The Avalon Project: Summary of the Three-Power Pact Between Germany, Italy, and Japan, Signed at Berlin, September 27, 1940., 27 Sept. 1940, avalon.law.yale.edu/wwii/triparti.asp.
This source explains all the articles that were included within the Three-Power Pact. It is the agreement of Germany, Italy, and Japan that to preserve long-lasting peace that all nations of the world should be given their own proper place. Also that they are agreeing to work together with one another to achieve this.