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Thus far, you have been asked to provide a link for any source used in your discussion posts as a
way of attributing credit to the source. Going forward, you will need to attribute credit to your sources by including in-text citations and references in accordance with APA style. This assignment will be
good practice for building this valuable skill!
For this assignment, you will:
• Choose two (2) of your previous discussion board posts that were submitted earlier in the
• Replace the links with appropriate APA style in-text citations. Use correct format and
• Include the appropriate reference citation at the end.
• Include the web links for all resources used so your instructor can check the citation.
• Complete your work in a Microsoft Word document.
1st discussion board…
WHAT MAKES THE BRAIN “TICK”?
This was arguably one of the units that I enjoyed participating in. I managed to learn several aspects or facts about the brain that were previously unknown to me. First, I learned that the human brain often finds it hard to multitask. This means that the brain cannot efficiently and seamlessly coordinate between or among various tasks that are happening seamlessly. Imperatively, I learned that when people think or perceive that they are multitasking they are indeed context-switching in the brain. Another fact that I managed to learn was that an estimated 75 percent of the human brain weighs is composed of water (Dumit, 2003). The impact of this fact is that when the human body undergoes any slight dehydration, that can have a tremendous effect on brain functionality. Finally, I learned that headaches are a result of chemical reactions in the human brain. I personally think that getting to learn more concepts and facts about the brain is crucial in psychological studies due to a number of reasons. Notably, I think such a study helps in ensuring that one understands why people in certain ways or in particular patterns. Since psychology is about explaining human behaviors, understanding the mechanics of the brain will help in ensuring that the right prescription is done for human actions. The nervous disorder that I would choose is Bell’s Palsy because I have seen it affect many people hence grew interested in it. One fact of the disease is that it is often characterized by drooping eyelids (de Almeida, Guyatt, Sud, Dorion. Hill, Kolber & White, 2014). Secondly, the disorder is often caused by a viral infection. Finally, a person who is suffering from this disorder may often experience fluctuating amounts of tears or even saliva that they produce.
de Almeida, J. R., Guyatt, G. H., Sud, S., Dorion, J., Hill, M. D., Kolber, M. R., … & White, C. (2014). Management of Bell palsy: clinical practice guideline. Cmaj, 186(12), 917- 922. WHAT MAKES THE BRAIN “TICK”? 3 Dumit, J. (2003). Is it me or my brain? Depression and neuroscientific facts. Journal of medical humanities, 24(1-2), 35-47.
2nd discussion board..
DOES VIEWING VIOLENCE LEAD TO VIOLENT BEHAVIOR?
Basic Concepts of Observational Learning
The significant component of Bandura’s experiment is observational learning theory. He demonstrates the concepts necessary for observational learning. As evidenced by the video (bobo doll experiment), the model pummels the doll with the mallet and then flung it in the air, repeatedly kicks it, and throws it down, and beats it. These actions are later imitated by a child who is keenly observing. It is widely believed that sharp memory and seeing others vent aggression would drain the viewer’s aggressive drive (Thomas (2016)).
Likelihood of Violence in Television, Media, or Video Games to Lead to Violent Behavior
According to Morse (2019), violence on television, media, and video games have detrimental effects. The viewers tend to consider all actions as they see them, may it be negative or positive. Research shows that violent behaviors result from the motivation of television, media, or violent computer games. As a result, to complement the aggressive, violent behaviors adapted, the child picks up a gun even though the video clip was not modeled for firearms. For instance, my younger sibling hit me in the face while watching wrestling on the television after seeing one wrestler punching the opponent right on his face.
Difference Between Observational Learning and Conditioning Learning
Observational learning evolves around watching and replicating the behavior from the information retained. On the other hand, in classical and operant conditioning, one can learn through direct experience, punishment, or reinforcement. For example, promising to reward a child if they score the highest grade will make the child more aggressive in studying. In classical and operant conditioning, sometimes one is threatened or promised to gain or lose privileges when they do some actions or achieve set targets.
Thomas, G., Morgan, K., & Harris, K. (2016). Albert Bandura: Observational learning in coaching. In Learning in Sports Coaching (pp. 38-50). Routledge.
Morse, B. A., Carman, J. P., & Zint, M. T. (2019). Fostering environmental behaviors through observational learning. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 27(10), 1530-1552.