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The Hobbesian concept of a social contract has been manifested in the United States as Liberal Democracy. That is, our chosen method of political organization is an electoral democracy and our political system is rooted in the philosophy of Classical Liberalism.
Inherent in Classical Liberalism (and in our political life) is the tension between the idea that government’s role should be largely limited to national defense and the protection of individual freedoms or rights . While the other linked, yet at times contradictory, idea is that government should have a role in promoting the larger social good: protecting the interests of most from the few who might abuse them. Representations of these differing ideas can be found in the writings of John Locke and Jeremy Bentham, respectively. One can find the tension between these ideas at the heart of many of the controversies surrounding health policy.
In your essay please discuss the following:
A. How might the tensions in Liberal Democracy, described above, come in to play for specific population/public health issues? Please address two population/ public health issues. Examples of population/public health issues include, but are not limited to: obesity, health impact of air pollution, carbon emissions and climate change, teen use of e-cigarettes..etc.
B. How is your political analysis of these issues affected by your values as a nurse and aspects of your own political philosophy?
Refer to Chapters 6 and 9 in attached textbook (Policy Politics in Nursing by Mason et al…)