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These are the teacher’s instructions:
“**I want to modify the Meselson/Stahl prompt though. If you choose that experiment to write about, only explain the experiment, not the DNA structure and DNA replication. That’s just too much and not really where I want you to go with this. The experiment itself will be enough. The components and structure of your paper will be structured similarly to how an abstract of a research paper is structured except that it won’t be contained to 250 words (the typical length of an abstract). This paper will be in full paragraph format (each paragraph should consist of 46 sentences, give or take) in two pages (give or take).
This is the way I would suggest you structure it, sort of like a narrative or story, leading your reader along…
1) Give background/significance about the experiment(s) – so set the stage for your reader what was the motivation behind the experiment, what was known, what was not known?
2) Explaining what was not known leads you directly into the next section, which is explaining what question was being asked in the experiment. What were the scientists (or scientist in the case of Griffith) trying to figure out?
3) Explain how the scientists asked this question that you just explained in the previous paragraph (e.g. what were the methods by which they asked this question?).
4) That will lead you into explaining the results of the experiment.
5) And then finally, what were the conclusions of the experiment? And what was still unknown or unclear? What questions were left unanswered or what were the next steps?
Think about paragraph structure and flow. Your paragraphs should have one central topic that you then go into detail about in the body of the paragraph. Make sure that the first sentence is a good topic sentence for that central idea so that it tells your reader what they’ll be reading about in that paragraph. And then make sure that the topic of each paragraph flows into the next paragraph topic. Your topic sentences themselves should almost read like an outline for your paper.
For how to structure the information in a science paper: Think inverted pyramid – orient your reader to your topic first, give more general information and then narrow to more specific information as the paper goes along. What does your reader need to know first to understand what you’re going to say next?
Start with background information and be sure to make it clear as to why your topic is interesting (motivation) and worth taking the time to read about. You don’t need to say “This is interesting because” but you should think about making sure your reader knows how your topic is relevant to science or the world, or to people, etc. Create a nice wrap-up concluding paragraph. Don’t introduce any new information in the concluding paragraph, but feel free to recap information you’ve already given your reader and maybe put into some larger context. Bonus points for relating what you write in your concluding paragraph with what you wrote in your intro paragraph.”
I have attached a document with the main body of the essay already written. There are comments that need to be addressed, however. Basically all you need to do is address the comments by fixing the essay and adding the necessary information and changes. Be concise with additions and changes to the text please. Essay should be chronological and have good flow. (comments are in red on the essay document attached) Any credible sources can be used. Some include:
Here is the actual paper: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC528642/pdf/pnas00686-0041.pdf