When trying to find sources for your literature review, it can be helpful to review the reference pages of other sources.

Develop a research question of your own on a topic of your choosing related to the criminal justice field and write a critical review of the relevant literature.
First, you will need to identify a research question and/or hypothesis then search for scholarly research which has investigated that question/hypothesis. You will be expected to utilize a minimum of SIX (6) relevant, academic sources for your review from the library or other open source scholarly literature on the internet. Remember that you will need to synthesize the literature (summarize) and explain how the sources relate to each other and to your own proposed research. In addition to content, you will be graded on grammar and spelling and ensure that you include a title and reference (APA format) with your assignment submission. Length: 6 Pages (double spaced)
1.When you have chosen your research question or hypothesis you should now start exploring the literature and brainstorm different components of your topic. For example, if your overall topic is police officer stress, you could create a mind map of the different ways in which researchers have “defined” police stress, what aspects of police stress have they investigated, how they have measured “stress”, and what the key findings are (e.g. do researchers agree what officers find most stressful? If so, what are the sources of stress?)
Remember that the purpose of a literature review is to demonstrate the context for your own
research and should lead your audience to understand WHY your research question is a relevant
one to be examined. Becoming familiar with the research in your research question area is very important. Look for other published literature reviews. Click on link below for an example of a comprehensive review of research on police officer trauma/stress: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6400077/ 2. Within your research question there will be variables and/or terms for you to operationalize. These terms are often good places to start for literature reviews as you’ll refer to previous research to formulate those definitions. For example, if you are proposing to explore how many police officers in a particular police department suffer from Post Traumatic Stress, you need to define Post Traumatic Stress and then you can discuss how researchers have measured this kind of stress in a police sample (e.g. what kind of measurement instruments have they used?) See the following study and examine what “instruments” were used to measure PTSD in a policing sample: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4734407/ 3. When trying to find sources for your literature review, it can be helpful to review the reference pages of other sources. Make sure that you include sources that are current as opposed to those published 20 years ago. The majority of your sources should be from the last 5 years, with exceptions for foundational theory work that might be older. 4. Pay attention to how you organize your literature review. See the following template: https://www.tru.ca/__shared/assets/Literature_Review_Template30564.pdf
You can use “headings” in your paper to organize content 5. Remember that you always want to examine your sources critically, synthesize the different
works together, and show how they connect to your own research. Ultimately, you are looking
for the strengths and weaknesses of other research and how it relates to your own. Keep in mind that I realize that all of you are in your first Research Methods course so am not expecting a deep level of critical review. 6. You should always include a brief summary of each source (study) to give context to your analysis. What was/were the research questions in the study you are reviewing? What was the methodology used (e.g. administered questionnaires, interviews, observation), sampling (how many people were involved in the study, from where?), key issues, terms, concepts, findings, etc. 7. Make sure that keep in mind that each source/study you choose for your literature review should be directly related to your research question.

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